“Fourth Industrial Revolution.”
It is a common term in this era that everyone has heard at least once. But, do you know what the fourth industrial revolution is?
According to German Federal Government, industry 4.0 is a new and emerging structure in which manufacturing logistics system in the form of Cyber Physical Production System (CPPS) intensively use the globally available information and communications network for an extensively automated exchange of information and in which production and business processes are matched.
Industry experts believe that there are 4 main aspects, which are:
Internet of things is where we connect ‘things’ such as hardware (AC, door, bulb), software and sensors to the internet. Therefore, we can exchange data and control things remotely.
Which lead us to the second aspect: Industrial internet of things is implementing IoT to the industrial field. It is about interconnection between sensors, instruments, plants, and other devices in industry and the internet. This connectivity allows data collection, exchange, and analysis. As a result, it is improving efficiency and productivity.
Smart manufacturing: smart in this era means computer-integrated, AI, and digital information technology. Therefore, smart manufacturing is implementing those smart element to manufacturing. It helps fast changes in production, optimization of supply chain and improving productivity.
Cloud-based manufacturing is about development of service-oriented networked product where consumers can configure, select and utilize manufacturing resources. Its goals are to enhance efficiency, reduce product lifecycle costs, and allow for optimal resource allocation in response to variable-demand customer generated asking.
Recently, we do not do things as we used to before. We have done many things from home since the pandemic. For example, we do meetings or classes by using video conference or simply to hang out with our friends. Do you know that what we have done has been accelerating the fourth industry revolution?
source: World Economic Forum